Antibiotic susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori clinical isolates: comparative evaluation of disk-diffusion and E-test methods

Curr Microbiol. 2006 Oct;53(4):329-34. doi: 10.1007/s00284-006-0143-1. Epub 2006 Sep 12.


Antimicrobial susceptibility of 25 Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from patients with acid peptic diseases were tested for in vitro sensitivity to commonly used antibiotics using disk-diffusion and E-test, methods. All strains tested were susceptible to tetracycline by E-test, with the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values being <0.125 microg/ml for all strains except for 6 (<0.023 microg/ml). However 1 strain was resistant by disk-diffusion method. One strain was resistant to clarithromycin both by disk diffusion and E-test (MIC <48 microg/ml), and 1 strain was resistant only by disk diffusion. Only one strain was resistant to amoxicillin by disk diffusion and E-test (MIC >256 microg/ml). For ciprofloxacin, three strains were resistant by disk diffusion and two by E-test (MIC <32 microg/ml). Sixteen strains were resistant to metronidazole by disk diffusion and E-test (MIC >or= 8 microg/ml), and 1 was resistant only by E-test (MIC <48 microg/ml). Overall, 64% of the strains were resistant to metronidazole. The MIC for metronidazole was also tested by agar-dilution method, and metronidazole resistant strains had an, MIC >8 microg/ml. The disk-diffusion method showed excellent correlation with E-test results; there was 100% agreement for amoxicillin a other antibiotics showed 90% to 95% accuracy. Disk diffusion is cheaper than E-test (approximately 2.6 cents vs. 2.60 US dollars), is easy to perform, and is a reliable method for testing H. pylori susceptibility to antimicrobial agents in the clinical microbiology laboratory.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial
  • Helicobacter Infections / microbiology*
  • Helicobacter pylori / drug effects*
  • Helicobacter pylori / isolation & purification
  • Humans
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests / methods*
  • Stomach Diseases / microbiology*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents