Signalling and autophagy regulation in health, aging and disease

Mol Aspects Med. Oct-Dec 2006;27(5-6):411-25. doi: 10.1016/j.mam.2006.08.002. Epub 2006 Sep 14.

Abstract

It has become clear in recent years that autophagy not only serves to produce amino acids for ongoing protein synthesis and to produce substrates for energy production when cells become starved but autophagy is also able to eliminate defective cell structures and for this reason the process may be implicated in several diseased states. Autophagy is controlled by complex signalling pathways, including that used by insulin. In these pathways, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases and the protein kinase mTOR play important roles.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aging / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Autophagy*
  • Disease
  • Health*
  • Humans
  • Signal Transduction*