A Recurrent Phospho-Sumoyl Switch in Transcriptional Repression and Beyond

Mol Cell. 2006 Sep 15;23(6):779-86. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2006.08.009.

Abstract

How multisite posttranslational modification coordinates dynamic regulation of protein function is an issue fundamental to many biological processes. Related to this, a composite sequence motif has recently been identified that couples phosphorylation, sumoylation, and perhaps also deacetylation to control transcriptional repression in stress response, mitogen and nuclear hormone signaling, myogenesis, and neuronal differentiation. This motif is present in many proteins, integrates cellular signals from diverse pathways, and serves as a valuable signature for in silico identification of proteins regulated by adjacent phosphorylation and sumoylation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acetylation
  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Heat-Shock Proteins / chemistry
  • Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism
  • Models, Biological*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multigene Family
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transcription Factors / chemistry*
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Transcription, Genetic

Substances

  • Heat-Shock Proteins
  • Transcription Factors