Gynecological health impact of sexual assault

Res Nurs Health. 2006 Oct;29(5):399-413. doi: 10.1002/nur.20155.


We examined the relationship between sexual assault and gynecological health symptoms (e.g., pelvic pain, painful intercourse) in a sample of predominately African American female veterans. Those who had been sexually victimized experienced significantly more frequent gynecological health symptoms than those who had not been assaulted. Multiple forced penetrations, assault by an intimate partner, having weapons used, physical injury, belief that the victim's life was in danger during the assault, and serving in the military at the time of assault increased the likelihood of reporting particular gynecological health symptoms. Screening women in health care settings for a history of violence can link women to resources and treatment for assault-related health symptoms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Military Personnel*
  • Rape / psychology*
  • Rape / statistics & numerical data
  • Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological / etiology*
  • Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological / psychology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / etiology*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology
  • United States
  • Urination Disorders / etiology*
  • Urination Disorders / psychology
  • Veterans
  • Women's Health*