The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a common model organism for biological discovery. It has become popularized primarily because it is biochemically and genetically amenable for many fundamental studies on eukaryotic cells. These features, as well as the development of a number of procedures and reagents for isolating protein complexes, and for following macromolecules in vivo, have also fueled studies on nucleo-cytoplasmic transport in yeast. One limitation of using yeast to study transport has been the absence of a reconstituted in vitro system that yields quantitative data. However, advances in microscopy and data analysis have recently enabled quantitative nuclear import studies, which, when coupled with the significant advantages of yeast, promise to yield new fundamental insights into the mechanisms of nucleo-cytoplasmic transport.