Serum lipoprotein(a) dynamics before/after menopause and long-term effects of hormone replacement therapy on lipoprotein(a) levels in middle-aged and older Japanese women

Horm Metab Res. 2006 Sep;38(9):581-6. doi: 10.1055/s-2006-950504.


Aim: To assess lipoprotein(a) Lp(a) dynamics before and after menopause and to examine long-term changes during hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in middle-aged and older Japanese women.

Methods: (1) Serum total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and Lp(a) concentrations of 526 patients were compared. The patients were divided into 3 groups on the basis of menopausal status (premenopause, perimenopause, postmenopause). (2) Serum markers of lipid metabolism were measured at baseline and at 6-month intervals in 161 postmenopausal women who continuously received HRT with conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) and medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) for 4 years. (3) Changes in serum concentrations of markers were compared among 120 women with hypercholesterolemia who were randomly assigned to receive HRT (CEE plus MPA, or transdermal estradiol plus MPA) or pravastatin.

Results: (1) Lp(a) concentrations were significantly higher in the postmenopausal women than in the premenopausal or perimenopausal women. (2) The mean Lp(a) concentration after 6 months of HRT decreased by about 19%, and similar levels were maintained for 4 years (3). The mean Lp(a) concentration after 6 months of HRT decreased by 19.9% in the CEE plus MPA group, but did not change significantly in the transdermal estradiol plus MPA group or the pravastatin group.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that HRT with CEE plus MPA is useful for the management of elevated serum Lp(a) concentrations in middle-aged and older women. However, follow-up studies are needed to determine whether this finding is related to the future prevention of coronary heart disease events.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Asian People*
  • Female
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Lipoprotein(a) / blood*
  • Middle Aged
  • Postmenopause / blood*
  • Postmenopause / drug effects
  • Pravastatin / pharmacology
  • Premenopause / blood*
  • Premenopause / drug effects
  • Time Factors


  • Lipoprotein(a)
  • Pravastatin