Aim: To investigate whether dorzolamide modifies peripapillary retinal haemodynamics in juvenile primary open-angle glaucoma (JPOAG) patients treated with timolol.
Methods: In 40 JPOAG subjects, before and after dorzolamide coadministration with timolol, the following examinations were achieved: intraocular pressure (IOP), blood pressure (BP), ocular perfusion pressure (OPP), heart rate (HR), visual field and retinal flowmetry.
Results: Adjunctive therapy with dorzolamide induced the following modifications: IOP reduction [1.75 mmHg, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.23, 2.26; P < 0.05], OPP increase (5.09 mmHg, 95% CI 2.97, 7.20; P < 0.02) and retinal blood flow improvement (35.0 arbitrary units, 95% CI 12.20, 57.80; P < 0.03). BP, HR and visual field indices did not change.
Conclusions: Dorzolamide, in association or in fixed combination with timolol, significantly improves retinal blood flow in JPOAG patients.