Serum albumin levels, an additional factor implicated in hyperparathyroidism outcome in peritoneal dialysis: a prospective study with paired bone biopsies

Adv Perit Dial. 2006;22:198-202.

Abstract

Renal osteodystrophy encompasses several histologic subtypes, all of which can undergo change over time. In peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, we studied bone histology and the factors influencing any changes over 1 year In 44 PD patients, we collected two paired bone biopsies (at baseline and after 12 months) and biochemical and treatment data (at baseline and every 3 months). Of the 44 original patients, 24 completed the study. Of these 24 patients, 19 were initially diagnosed with adynamic bone lesion (ABL). After 1 year, 12 still had ABL; the other 7 had changed to high turnover bone lesion (HTBL). Another 5 patients were initially diagnosed with HTBL. Among these, 4 still had HTBL at 1 year; 1 had changed to ABL. In patients who changed to HTBL from ABL, serum albumin had increased to 4.2 +/- 0.3 g/dL at month 12 from 3.7 +/- 0.4 g/dL at baseline (p < 0.05). In patients who still had ABL, serum albumin did not change. Additionally, the percentage increase in serum albumin over the study was higher in HTBL patients than in ABL patients (0.1408 +/- 0.139 g/dL vs. -0.0076 +/- 0.113 g/dL, p = 0.009). A lower likelihood of diabetes (p = 0.033) and a higher serum albumin [area under the curve: 0.822; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.651 to 0.993] identified a HTBL diagnosis at 12 months. Older age increased the probability of changing to ABL (OR: 1.2935; 95% CI: 1.03 to 1.67; p= 0.02). Bone lesions can change over time, and this change is associated with age, diabetes, and serum albumin. A change to HTBL was associated with improvement in serum albumin. Protein status is possibly a factor influencing bone lesion outcome.

MeSH terms

  • Biopsy, Needle
  • Bone Remodeling*
  • Bone and Bones / pathology*
  • Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder / etiology
  • Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder / pathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary / blood
  • Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary / etiology
  • Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary / pathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Parathyroid Hormone / blood
  • Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory*
  • Serum Albumin / analysis*

Substances

  • Parathyroid Hormone
  • Serum Albumin