Structural basis for substrate binding and regioselective oxidation of monosaccharides at C3 by pyranose 2-oxidase

J Biol Chem. 2006 Nov 17;281(46):35104-15. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M604718200. Epub 2006 Sep 19.


Pyranose 2-oxidase (P2Ox) participates in fungal lignin degradation by producing the H2O2 needed for lignin-degrading peroxidases. The enzyme oxidizes cellulose- and hemicellulose-derived aldopyranoses at C2 preferentially, but also on C3, to the corresponding ketoaldoses. To investigate the structural determinants of catalysis, covalent flavinylation, substrate binding, and regioselectivity, wild-type and mutant P2Ox enzymes were produced and characterized biochemically and structurally. Removal of the histidyl-FAD linkage resulted in a catalytically competent enzyme containing tightly, but noncovalently bound FAD. This mutant (H167A) is characterized by a 5-fold lower kcat, and a 35-mV lower redox potential, although no significant structural changes were seen in its crystal structure. In previous structures of P2Ox, the substrate loop (residues 452-457) covering the active site has been either disordered or in a conformation incompatible with carbohydrate binding. We present here the crystal structure of H167A in complex with a slow substrate, 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose. Based on the details of 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose binding in position for oxidation at C3, we also outline a probable binding mode for D-glucose positioned for regioselective oxidation at C2. The tentative determinant for discriminating between the two binding modes is the position of the O6 hydroxyl group, which in the C2-oxidation mode can make favorable interactions with Asp452 in the substrate loop and, possibly, a nearby arginine residue (Arg472). We also substantiate our hypothesis with steady-state kinetics data for the alanine replacements of Asp452 and Arg472 as well as the double alanine 452/472 mutant.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Basidiomycota / enzymology
  • Carbohydrate Conformation
  • Carbohydrate Dehydrogenases / metabolism*
  • Monosaccharides / chemistry*
  • Monosaccharides / metabolism*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Protein Binding
  • Substrate Specificity


  • Monosaccharides
  • Carbohydrate Dehydrogenases
  • pyranose oxidase

Associated data

  • PDB/21GK
  • PDB/21GM
  • PDB/21GN
  • PDB/21GO