Cryoelectron microscopy of protein IX-modified adenoviruses suggests a new position for the C terminus of protein IX

J Virol. 2006 Dec;80(23):11881-6. doi: 10.1128/JVI.01471-06. Epub 2006 Sep 20.


Recombinant human adenovirus is a useful gene delivery vector for clinical gene therapy. Minor capsid protein IX of adenovirus has been of recent interest since multiple studies have shown that modifications can be made to its C terminus to alter viral tropism or add molecular tags and/or reporter proteins. We examined the structure of an engineered adenovirus displaying the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) fused to the C terminus of protein IX. Cryoelectron microscopy and reconstruction localized the C-terminal EGFP fusion between the H2 hexon and the H4 hexon, positioned between adjacent facets, directly above the density previously assigned as protein IIIa. The original assignment of IIIa was based largely on indirect evidence, and the data presented herein support the reassignment of the IIIa density as protein IX.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenoviruses, Human / chemistry*
  • Adenoviruses, Human / metabolism
  • Adenoviruses, Human / ultrastructure*
  • Capsid / chemistry*
  • Cryoelectron Microscopy
  • Gene Transfer Techniques
  • Genetic Vectors / chemistry
  • Genetic Vectors / metabolism
  • Genetic Vectors / ultrastructure*
  • Peptides / chemistry
  • Peptides / genetics
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Viral Proteins / chemistry


  • Peptides
  • Viral Proteins