JNK mediates TGF-beta1-induced epithelial mesenchymal transdifferentiation of mouse transformed keratinocytes

FEBS Lett. 2006 Oct 2;580(22):5385-91. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2006.09.003. Epub 2006 Sep 12.

Abstract

In this study we analyzed the role of the c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) pathway in the TGF-beta1 stimulation of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), initial stages of epithelial-mesenchymal transdifferentiation (EMT) and cell migration. TGF-beta1 induces JNK phosphorylation, c-Jun transactivation and AP1 activation. The involvement of JNK was evaluated using dominant negative mutants SEK-1 AL, JNK and cJun, depletion of JNK1,2 proteins by treatment of cells with antisense oligonucleotides, as well as the chemical inhibitor SP600125. Our results demonstrated that the JNK pathway is required in the TGF-beta1 enhancement of uPA, fibronectin, E-cadherin delocalization, actin re-organization and vimentin expression, concomitant with the induction of cell migration. These results allow us to suggest a role of JNK in the TGF-beta1 induction of EMT in relation with the stimulation of malignant properties of mouse transformed keratinocytes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cadherins / genetics
  • Cadherins / metabolism
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects*
  • Cell Differentiation / genetics
  • Cell Line, Transformed
  • Cell Movement / drug effects
  • Cell Movement / genetics
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / drug effects
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics
  • Fibronectins / biosynthesis
  • Fibronectins / genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects
  • Gene Expression Regulation / genetics
  • Keratinocytes / enzymology*
  • Keratinocytes / pathology
  • MAP Kinase Kinase 4 / genetics
  • MAP Kinase Kinase 4 / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 8 / genetics
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 8 / metabolism*
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 9 / genetics
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 9 / metabolism*
  • Protein Transport / drug effects
  • Protein Transport / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects*
  • Signal Transduction / genetics
  • Transcriptional Activation / drug effects
  • Transcriptional Activation / genetics
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / metabolism
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / pharmacology*
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta1
  • Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator / biosynthesis
  • Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator / genetics
  • Vimentin / biosynthesis
  • Vimentin / genetics

Substances

  • Cadherins
  • Fibronectins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun
  • Tgfb1 protein, mouse
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta1
  • Vimentin
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 9
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 8
  • MAP Kinase Kinase 4
  • Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator