Objective: Acetabular labral tear may predispose to adjacent articular cartilage disorder and hip osteoarthritis in patients with hip dysplasia. We evaluated the diagnostic ability of isotropic computed tomography (CT) arthrography with radial reformation technique for detection of acetabular labral and articular cartilage disorders, and evaluate those interactions in hip dysplasia.
Methods: Forty-one hips in 29 patients with hip dysplasia received CT arthrography with isotropic spatial resolution of 0.5mm. After processing of multiplanar radial reformation over the whole acetabular circumference, frequencies of labral tear and acetabular cartilage disorder were evaluated at six divided zones of the weight-bearing areas. Of the 41 hips, 20 hips underwent arthroscopic examinations, and sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for detecting labral tear and acetabular cartilage disorder by CT arthrography were calculated using the arthroscopic findings as the standard of reference.
Results: The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of CT arthrography were 97%/87%/92% for labral tear and 88%/82%/85% for acetabular cartilage disorder, respectively, using arthroscopic findings as the reference. The CT arthrography showed significantly higher frequency of labral and acetabular cartilage disorders at the anterior zones. Those zones with labral tear had significantly higher frequency of adjacent cartilage disorder than zones without labral tear.
Conclusions: Isotropic CT arthrography with radial reformation technique allowed simultaneous, accurate assessment of labral and cartilage disorders in the whole acetabular circumference. Our findings indicated that labral tear is closely associated with adjacent cartilage disorder in hip dysplasia.