Objectives: To evaluate the toxicity and the efficacy of paclitaxel/carboplatin chemoradiotherapy as a definitive treatment for squamous cell cancer of the uterine cervix.
Methods: From March 2000 to January 2004, 33 patients with squamous cell cancer of the uterine cervix were treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy including 2 cycles of paclitaxel (135 mg/m(2)) and carboplatin (area under the time-concentration curve 4.5 mg min/ml) at 4-week interval. Seven patients received adjuvant chemotherapy with the same chemotherapeutic regimen. All patients received external beam radiotherapy with 41.4-51.4 Gy (median 50.4 Gy) to the whole pelvis. Twenty-eight patients received boost irradiation to the cervix by brachytherapy with 25.6-43.3 Gy (median 34.6 Gy) and 5 patients by external beam radiotherapy with 10.8-14.4 Gy (median 14.4 Gy).
Results: A median follow-up period was 27 months (range: 6-53 months). Acute hematological toxicity of grade 3 or 4 developed in 20 patients (61%), and acute gastrointestinal toxicity of grade 3 developed in 1 patient (3%). Vesicovaginal fistula occurred in 2 patients (6%). All patients achieved objective response (CR 70%, PR 30%) in 2 months after termination of treatment. One patient had a local progression in cervix, and 4 patients developed distant metastases. The 3-year estimated disease-free survival rates for stages I-IIA, IIB, III and IV were 67%, 91%, 88% and 50%, respectively. The 3-year estimated survival rates for stages I-IIA, IIB, III and IV were 89%, 91%, 88% and 50%, respectively.
Conclusion: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin is effective to achieve an excellent pelvic control.