Patient-physician racial and ethnic concordance and perceived medical errors

Soc Sci Med. 2006 Dec;63(12):3060-6. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.08.015. Epub 2006 Sep 22.


In this paper, I use nationally representative survey data to examine the relationship between patient-physician racial/ethnic concordance and perceived medical errors in the USA. After adjusting for potential confounding factors, we find that White patients treated by White physicians have 33% lower odds of reporting medical errors than White patients treated by non-White physicians. In contrast, patient-physician racial/ethnic concordance has no effect on perceived medical errors among non-White patients. The results suggest that the role of racial/ethnic concordance in perceptions of health care safety varies by patients' racial/ethnic background.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • African Americans / psychology
  • Attitude to Health / ethnology*
  • Communication*
  • Ethnic Groups / psychology*
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / psychology
  • Female
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Hispanic Americans / psychology
  • Humans
  • Indians, North American / psychology
  • Male
  • Medical Errors / statistics & numerical data*
  • Oceanic Ancestry Group / psychology
  • Physician-Patient Relations*
  • Social Perception*
  • United States