Purpose: To evaluate the reliability of the International Classification of Retinoblastoma (ICRB) for predicting treatment success with chemoreduction (CRD).
Design: Noncomparative interventional case series.
Participants: Two hundred forty-nine consecutive eyes.
Methods: All eyes were treated with CRD and were classified according to the ICRB: group A included those eyes with retinoblastoma </=3 mm; group B included those eyes with retinoblastoma >3 mm, macular location, or minor subretinal fluid; group C included those eyes with retinoblastoma with localized seeds; group D included those eyes with retinoblastoma with diffuse seeds; group E included those eyes with massive retinoblastoma necessitating enucleation. The CRD regimen included vincristine, etoposide, and carboplatin for 6 cycles plus local consolidation with thermotherapy or cryotherapy.
Main outcome measure: Chemoreduction success, defined as avoidance of external beam radiotherapy or enucleation.
Results: Of the 249 eyes, 23 (9%) were in group A, 96 (39%) were in group B, 21 (8%) were in group C, and 109 (44%) were in group D. In this series, group E eyes were managed with enucleation. Treatment success was achieved in 100% of group A, 93% of group B, 90% of group C, and 47% of group D eyes.
Conclusions: The ICRB can be of assistance in predicting CRD success for retinoblastoma. Additional treatment methods are necessary to salvage more group D eyes.