Antibody Structure, Instability, and Formulation

J Pharm Sci. 2007 Jan;96(1):1-26. doi: 10.1002/jps.20727.


The number of therapeutic monoclonal antibody in development has increased tremendously over the last several years and this trend continues. At present there are more than 23 approved antibodies on the US market and an estimated 200 or more are in development. Although antibodies share certain structural similarities, development of commercially viable antibody pharmaceuticals has not been straightforward because of their unique and somewhat unpredictable solution behavior. This article reviews the structure and function of antibodies and the mechanisms of physical and chemical instabilities. Various aspects of formulation development have been examined to identify the critical attributes for the stabilization of antibodies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / chemistry*
  • Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
  • Drug Stability
  • Drug Storage
  • Models, Molecular
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / chemistry
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Denaturation
  • Solubility
  • Technology, Pharmaceutical* / methods


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations