Sems (self expanding metal stents) in a patient with esophagogastric cancer and esophagorespiratory fistula (ERF)

Rays. 2006 Jan-Mar;31(1):21-4.


Esophagorespiratory fistulas, especially in the upper third of the esophagus, are a complication of malignant esophageal tumors, whose management is difficult and prognosis is poor. Treatment is palliative and involves restoration of the ability to ingest food and prevention of aspiration by insertion of esophageal or tracheobronchial stents. In selected patients the insertion of a single stent may be insufficient for pallation therefore the placement of parallel stents may be indicated in patients with symptoms caused by malignant esophagorespiratory fistula. A case of esophagorespiratory fistula managed with insertion of parallel stents is presented.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnostic imaging
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy*
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Palliative Care
  • Stents*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Stomach Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Tracheoesophageal Fistula / diagnostic imaging
  • Tracheoesophageal Fistula / therapy*