Metabolism and excretion of anabolic steroids in doping control--new steroids and new insights

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2006 Nov;101(4-5):161-78. doi: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2006.06.024. Epub 2006 Sep 26.


The use of anabolic steroids in sports is prohibited by the World Anti-Doping Agency. Until the 1990s, anabolic steroids were solely manufactured by pharmaceutical companies, albeit sometimes on demand from national sports agencies as part of their doping program. Recently the list of prohibited anabolic steroids in sports has grown due to the addition of numerous steroids that have been introduced on the market by non-pharmaceutical companies. Moreover, several designer steroids, specifically developed to circumvent doping control, have also been detected. Because anabolic steroids are most often intensively subjected to phase I metabolism and seldom excreted unchanged, excretion studies need to be performed in order to detect their misuse. This review attempts to summarise the results of excretion studies of recent additions to the list of prohibited steroids in sports. Additionally an update and insight on new aspects for "older" steroids with respect to doping control is given.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anabolic Agents / metabolism*
  • Anabolic Agents / urine
  • Androgens / metabolism
  • Biological Transport
  • Doping in Sports / prevention & control*
  • Ketosteroids / metabolism
  • Molecular Structure
  • Norsteroids / metabolism
  • Steroids / metabolism*
  • Substance Abuse Detection / methods*
  • Testosterone / metabolism


  • Anabolic Agents
  • Androgens
  • Ketosteroids
  • Norsteroids
  • Steroids
  • Testosterone