The 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B serotonin receptors exhibit different subcellular localizations in neurons. Evidence has been reported that the C-terminal domain is involved in the somato-dendritic and axonal targeting of 5-HT1AR and 5-HT1BR, respectively. Here we analyzed the consequences of the mutation of a di-leucine motif and palmitoylated cysteines within this domain. Replacement of I414-I415 by a di-alanine in 5-HT1AR led to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) sequestration of the corresponding mutant expressed in cell lines as well as in hippocampal neurons in culture. Furthermore, di-leucine-mutated receptors were unable to bind 5-HT1A agonists and presented a major deficit in their glycosylation state, suggesting that they are misfolded. By contrast, mutation of the di-leucine motif in the C-terminal domain of 5-HT1BR had no major consequence on its subcellular targeting. However, in the case of the 1ActB chimera (substitution of the C-terminal domain of the 5-HT1BR into 5-HT1AR), this mutation was also found to cause sequestration within the ER. Replacement of palmitoylated cysteines by serines had no consequence on either receptor type. These data indicate that the di-leucine motif of the 5-HT1AR and 5-HT1BR tails is implicated in proper folding of these receptors, which is necessary for their ER export.