Respiratory outcome of mid-face advancement with distraction: a comparison between Le Fort III and frontofacial monobloc

J Craniofac Surg. 2006 Sep;17(5):880-2. doi: 10.1097/01.scs.0000221520.95540.a5.


Upper airway stenosis in patients with faciocraniosynostosis is very common and often severe. Mid-face advancement, either with a Le Fort III or concomitantly to a monobloc frontofacial advancement, may prevent a tracheotomy or result in its ablation. The amelioration of respiratory function appears to be much better if the mid-face advancement is combined with distraction osteogenesis, although large studies with long-term follow-up are rare. In this study we reviewed the respiratory outcome between Le Fort III with distraction and monobloc advancement with distraction in 55 faciocraniosynostotic patients. Early respiratory results of both procedures were very good and stable at long-term follow-up. The choice between a Le Fort III and a monobloc procedure is made based on presenting morphology, previous surgery, and age. Both can be expected to give a long-lasting improvement of upper airway obstruction.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Craniosynostoses / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Maxilla / surgery*
  • Osteogenesis, Distraction / methods*
  • Osteotomy, Le Fort / methods*
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome / surgery*
  • Retrospective Studies