Angiotensin II induces cellular hypertrophy in cultured murine proximal tubular cells

Am J Physiol. 1990 Nov;259(5 Pt 2):F768-77. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.1990.259.5.F768.


In the present study we demonstrate that a murine proximal tubular cell line (MCT cells), expressing angiotensin II (ANG II) receptors [dissociation constant (Kd) = 0.89 nM; receptor density (R0) = 46,900 receptors/cell] in culture, can be induced to hypertrophy after the daily addition of exogenous ANG II (10(-8) M). This hypertrophic response was characterized by an increase in total cellular protein content, by an enhancement of [3H]leucine incorporation into precipitable proteins, and by an augmentation in cell size by cytofluorography. This ANG II effect producing MCT cell enlargement was demonstrable in the absence of cellular proliferation. Proliferation of MCT cells, however, could be induced by epidermal growth factor (EGF) or platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), and pretreatment of rested MCT cells with ANG II further enhanced EGF-induced cell division. ANG II-induced hypertrophy in MCT cells was factor specific, in that it could be blocked with saralasin, and not induced by angiotensin I (ANG I). This hypertrophic response was also independent of prostaglandin E2 synthesis but was transducible by pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins and involved, to some extent, the activation of Na(+)-H+ exchange. ANG II, as well as EGF and/or PDGF, moreover, could induce the cellular oncogenes c-fos, c-myc, c-N-ras, but not c-cis, which suggests that early gene activation is probably not a specific prerequisite for hypertrophy. Our findings demonstrate that ANG II, in culture, can be a single-factor event capable of inducing hypertrophy in proximal tubular cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amiloride / pharmacology
  • Angiotensin II / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Cell Separation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA / biosynthesis
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Hypertrophy
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / drug effects*
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / metabolism
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / pathology
  • Leucine / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Oncogenes
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • RNA
  • Receptors, Angiotensin / metabolism


  • Proteins
  • Receptors, Angiotensin
  • Angiotensin II
  • RNA
  • Amiloride
  • DNA
  • Leucine