Sudden infant death syndrome and reported maternal smoking during pregnancy

Am J Public Health. 2006 Oct;96(10):1757-9. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2005.073213.


We investigated the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on the relative risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) by linking data from Georgia birth and death certificates from 1997 to 2000. We estimated the effect of misclassifying smokers as non-smokers and the effect of being misclassified on SIDS rates, and we calculated the fraction of cases caused by exposure. Of all SIDS cases, 21% were attributable to maternal smoking; among smokers, 61% of SIDS cases were attributable to maternal smoking. Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with a significantly increased risk of SIDS.

MeSH terms

  • Delivery, Obstetric
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / epidemiology*
  • Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects*
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Sudden Infant Death / epidemiology*
  • United States / epidemiology