Antibiotic resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae is diminishing available treatment options for gonorrhea: some possible remedies

Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2006 Aug;4(4):619-28. doi: 10.1586/14787210.4.4.619.

Abstract

Gonorrhea is essentially out of control in many settings and high disease rates are coupled with the spread of multiresistant gonococci. Increases in quinolone resistance have followed loss of the penicillins and tetracyclines as useful treatments. Decreasing susceptibility to third-generation cephalosporins is also reported. Over-reliance on antibiotic treatment as a disease control measure in settings with high disease rates and poor control of antibiotic usage is a significant contributor to the antimicrobial resistance reported. Conversely, containment of resistance is more likely to be achieved when combined with disease control principles shown to be effective. However, until a higher priority is given to funding for sexually transmitted diseases, this prospect is unlikely to eventuate and the possibility of untreatable gonorrhea becomes more real.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial / drug effects*
  • Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial / physiology
  • Gonorrhea / drug therapy*
  • Gonorrhea / microbiology
  • Humans
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae / drug effects*

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents