Jellyfish and other cnidarian envenomations cause pain by affecting TRPV1 channels

FEBS Lett. 2006 Oct 16;580(24):5728-32. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2006.09.030. Epub 2006 Sep 22.

Abstract

Cnidarian envenomations cause a burning-pain sensation of which the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Activation of TRPV1, a non-selective cation channel expressed in nociceptive neurons, leads to cell depolarisation and pain. Here, we show in vitro and in vivo evidence for desensitization-dependent TRPV1 activation in cnidarian envenomations. Cnidarian venom induced a nociceptive reactivity, comparable to capsaicin, in laboratory rats, which could be reduced by the selective TRPV1 antagonist, BCTC. These findings are the first to explain at least part of the symptomology of cnidarian envenomations and provide insights into the design of more effective treatments for this global public health problem.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cnidaria
  • Cnidarian Venoms / pharmacology*
  • Electrophysiology
  • Female
  • Male
  • Oocytes
  • Pain / chemically induced
  • Pain / metabolism
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Rats
  • TRPV Cation Channels / antagonists & inhibitors
  • TRPV Cation Channels / metabolism*
  • Xenopus laevis

Substances

  • Cnidarian Venoms
  • TRPV Cation Channels