Differential cellular expression of LIGHT and its receptors in early gestation human placentas

J Reprod Immunol. 2007 Jun;74(1-2):1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jri.2006.08.083. Epub 2006 Sep 27.

Abstract

LIGHT (homologous to lymphotoxins, exhibits inducible expression, competes with herpes simplex virus glycoprotein D for HVEM, a receptor expressed by T lymphocytes) is an apoptosis-inducing member of the tumor necrosis factor family of ligands. Messenger RNAs encoding LIGHT and its receptors, lymphotoxin-beta receptor (LTbetaR), decoy receptor-3 (DcR3) and herpes virus entry mediator (HVEM), are present in first trimester and term placentas. Proteins have been localized to specific cells in term but not earlier gestation placentas. Here, we have studied LIGHT and its receptors in early (6-7 weeks) and early-to-middle (8-13 weeks) gestation using immunohistology. Notable cell-specific, gestation-related features were identified. LIGHT and two of its receptors, a membrane-bound receptor that mediates apoptosis (LTbetaR) and a soluble receptor that interferes with LIGHT signaling (DcR3), were present in syncytiotrophoblast and cytotrophoblast cells in all samples but were detected in placental stromal cells only at week 8 and thereafter. HVEM, a membrane-bound receptor that protects against apoptosis, was expressed only on syncytiotrophoblast. These observations suggest that the LIGHT system may regulate early to middle stages of placental development via cell-specific, temporally programmed expression of the ligand and its receptors, and may also assist in preserving placental immune privilege.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Lymphotoxin beta Receptor / metabolism*
  • Mesoderm / cytology
  • Mesoderm / metabolism
  • Placenta / cytology
  • Placenta / metabolism*
  • Placentation / immunology
  • Placentation / physiology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Member 14 / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Member 6b / metabolism*
  • Stromal Cells / metabolism
  • Trophoblasts / metabolism
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Ligand Superfamily Member 14 / metabolism*

Substances

  • LTBR protein, human
  • Lymphotoxin beta Receptor
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Member 14
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Member 6b
  • TNFRSF14 protein, human
  • TNFRSF6B protein, human
  • TNFSF14 protein, human
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor Ligand Superfamily Member 14