Objective: The objective of this review is to examine the long term reproductive health consequences of cesarean delivery on maternal request.
Findings: In the first delivery, cesarean delivery appears to hold small risk of reproductive complications compared to vaginal delivery. Primary cesarean delivery can affect subsequent pregnancies. The most serious reproductive health consequences of prior cesarean delivery occur in subsequent pregnancies. These complications include: unexplained fetal death apparent from 34 weeks gestation onward; abnormalities of placentation which increase with a greater number of cesarean deliveries; risk of uterine rupture and uterine scar dehiscence.
Conclusions: Primary cesarean delivery carries risk for subsequent pregnancies. While the studies reviewed do not specifically refer to cesarean delivery on request, it is likely that the results would be similar. Overall, in considering the specific question of long term reproductive health, the risks of maternal request cesarean delivery outweigh the benefits.