Adenoidectomy: long-term follow-up

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006 Oct;135(4):576-80. doi: 10.1016/j.otohns.2006.05.027.


Objective: To assess the long-term (3-5 years) success of adenoidectomy and reasons for unsatisfactory results.

Study design and setting: The parents of all children who underwent adenoidectomy alone at a major tertiary center from 1998 to 2000 were asked to complete a questionnaire assessing their child's well-being and symptomatology 3-5 years after surgery; some were invited for follow-up. Symptom improvement, persistent symptoms, and adenoid regrowth were evaluated.

Results: Among the 206 parents who complied, 74%-87% reported improvement in all main symptoms: nasal obstruction, snoring, chronic rhinorrhea, hyponasal speech, and obstructive sleep disorder. At follow-up (n = 36), the symptomatic patients had significantly more anatomic nasal abnormalities (P = 0.01) and a higher rate of significant adenoid enlargement (P = 0.08), 3 patients (19%) vs none (0%).

Conclusions and significance: Adenoidectomy alone is satisfactory treatment for nasal obstruction and obstructive sleep apnea in selected children. Though some adenoid regrowth is not rare, clinically significant adenoid regrowth is infrequent. Persistent or recurrent symptoms are attributable mainly to nasal pathology.

MeSH terms

  • Adenoidectomy*
  • Adenoids / pathology*
  • Adenoids / surgery*
  • Adolescent
  • Airway Obstruction / etiology
  • Airway Obstruction / surgery*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Hypertrophy
  • Male
  • Recurrence
  • Time Factors