Impact of hospital and surgeon volumes on outcomes following pelvic reconstructive surgery in the United States

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Dec;195(6):1778-83. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2006.07.015. Epub 2006 Oct 2.


Objective: The purpose of this study was to estimate the effect of hospital and surgeon volumes on outcomes following urogynecologic surgery.

Study design: This was a retrospective cohort study of women who underwent urogynecologic procedures between 1998 and 2003 from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Hospitals and surgeons were categorized as low, medium, or high volume based on average number of cases per year. Outcomes included in-hospital mortality, complications, and nonroutine discharges. Multivariable analyses were performed using generalized estimation equations to estimate relative risks.

Results: There were 310,759 women and 2986 hospitals. Women who had procedures at low-volume hospitals were 2.75 (95% CI 2.33-3.16) times more likely to die and 1.63 (95% CI 1.44-1.83) times more likely to have a nonroutine discharge, compared to those at high-volume hospitals. Women who had procedures by low-volume surgeons were also more likely to suffer complications and have nonroutine discharges compared to those with high-volume surgeons.

Conclusion: Differences in hospital and surgeon volumes of urogynecologic procedures may contribute to variations in mortality and morbidity risks.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / adverse effects
  • Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / mortality
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Hospitals / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Likelihood Functions
  • Middle Aged
  • Pelvic Floor / surgery*
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / adverse effects
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / mortality
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures / statistics & numerical data*
  • Professional Practice / statistics & numerical data*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • United States
  • Urologic Surgical Procedures / adverse effects
  • Urologic Surgical Procedures / mortality