Klotho has recently emerged as a regulator of aging. To investigate the role of Klotho in the regulation of cellular senescence, we generated stable MRC-5 human primary fibroblast cells knockdown for Klotho expression by RNAi. Downregulation of Klotho dramatically induces premature senescence with a concomitant upregulation of p21. The upregulation of p21 is associated with cell cycle arrest at G1/S boundary. Knockdown of p53 in the Klotho attenuated MRC-5 cells restores normal growth and replicative potential. These results demonstrate that Klotho normally regulates cellular senescence by repressing the p53/p21 pathway. Our findings implicate Klotho as a regulator of aging in primary human fibroblasts.