Catalpa seed oil rich in 9t,11t,13c-conjugated linolenic acid suppresses the development of colonic aberrant crypt foci induced by azoxymethane in rats

Oncol Rep. 2006 Nov;16(5):989-96.


Catalpa (Catalpa ovata) seed oil (CPO) is a unique oil that contains a high amount of 9trans,11trans,13cis-conjugated linolenic acid. In the present study, we investigated whether dietary administration with CPO affects the development of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in male F344 rats to elucidate its possible cancer chemopreventive efficiency. Also, the effect of CPO on the fatty acid composition of liver tissue and colonic mucosa, the serum levels of total cholesterol and triglyceride, and the mRNA expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in the colonic mucosa were measured. In addition, the cell proliferation activity and apoptotic index in the colonic mucosa were estimated immunohistochemically. Animals were given two weekly subcutaneous injections of AOM (20 mg/kg body weight). They also received the experimental diet containing 0.01%, 0.1% or 1% CPO for 4 weeks, starting one week before the first dosing of AOM. AOM exposure produced a substantial number of ACF (99+/-28) at the end of the study (week 4). Dietary administration of CPO reduced the number of ACF (AOM + 0.01% CPO, 32+/-11, P<0.001; AOM + 0.1% CPO, 35+/-18, P<0.001; AOM + 1% CPO, 18+/-10, P<0.001). 9t,11t-conjugated linoleic acid was detected in the liver tissue and colonic mucosa of rats fed the CPO-containing diet. Additionally, dietary administration with CPO decreased the serum triglyceride level and the expression of COX-2 mRNA in the colonic mucosa. The indices of cell proliferation and apoptosis in the colonic mucosa of rats treated with AOM and 1% CPO have significant differences when compared with the AOM alone group. These findings suggest the possible chemopreventive activity of CPO in the early phase of colon carcinogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Azoxymethane
  • Bignoniaceae / chemistry
  • Body Weight / drug effects
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Colon / drug effects
  • Colon / metabolism
  • Colonic Neoplasms / chemically induced
  • Colonic Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Colonic Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Cyclooxygenase 2 / metabolism
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Intestinal Mucosa / drug effects
  • Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism
  • Linolenic Acids / pharmacology*
  • Lipids / blood
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Male
  • Organ Size / drug effects
  • Plant Oils / pharmacology*
  • Precancerous Conditions / chemically induced
  • Precancerous Conditions / metabolism
  • Precancerous Conditions / prevention & control*
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Seeds / chemistry
  • Triglycerides / blood


  • Linolenic Acids
  • Lipids
  • Plant Oils
  • Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
  • Triglycerides
  • eleostearic acid
  • Cholesterol
  • Cyclooxygenase 2
  • Azoxymethane