Comparison between reduction in 24-hour pad weight, International Consultation on Incontinence-Short Form (ICIQ-SF) score, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), and Post-Operative Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) score in patient evaluation after male perineal sling

Neurourol Urodyn. 2007;26(1):8-13. doi: 10.1002/nau.20333.


Aims: We assessed the utility of three self-assessment instruments: the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF), the post-operative Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) score, and the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) by correlating them with an objective outcome, the change in 24-hr pad weight, after a male perineal sling.

Methods: Twenty-six men with urodynamically confirmed stress incontinence underwent a male perineal sling. Patients were evaluated pre-operatively and post-operatively with a 24-hr pad test, IPSS and ICIQ-SF. Patients also completed the PGI-I post-operatively. Changes in study parameters were compared via the paired t-test, and correlations were performed using Spearman's rho.

Results: There were significant reductions in 24-hr pad weight (-274 g, P < 0.001), percentage 24-hr pad weight (54.2%), ICIQ-SF score (-6.3, P < 0.001), and the three ICIQ-SF subscores (-1.2, -1.7, -3.4 for Questions 3, 4, and 5, respectively, P < 0.001 for all). The change in total ICIQ-SF score and the post-operative PGI-I score correlated strongly with percentage reduction in 24-hr pad weight (r = -0.68, P < 0.001; r = -0.81, P < 0.001, respectively) and with each other (r = 0.79, P < 0.001). The change in all three ICIQ-SF subscores correlated significantly with percentage reduction in 24-hr pad weight and with post-operative PGI-I score. There was no significant change in the IPSS or the voiding or storage subscores, and none correlated with any other study parameter.

Conclusions: This study validates the construct validity of the ICIQ-SF and PGI-I in the assessment of treatment for male stress incontinence and should make clinicians confident in comparing studies of incontinence treatment utilizing the change ICIQ-SF score, the post-operative PGI-I score, and percentage reduction in 24-hr pad weight as outcome measures.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Incontinence Pads*
  • Male
  • Perineum
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnosis
  • Postoperative Complications / physiopathology
  • Prostatic Diseases / surgery*
  • Prostheses and Implants*
  • Quality of Life
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urinary Incontinence, Stress / diagnosis*
  • Urinary Incontinence, Stress / physiopathology
  • Urinary Incontinence, Stress / surgery*
  • Urine