Antigenic regions of poliovirus type 3/Sabin capsid proteins recognized by human sera in the peptide scanning technique

Virology. 1991 Jan;180(1):99-107. doi: 10.1016/0042-6822(91)90013-2.


We used the peptide scanning technique to identify regions of poliovirus type 3/Sabin capsid proteins that bind antibodies from human immune sera. Several reactive regions were seen in VP1, VP2, and VP3 while peptides resembling VP4 did not bind antibodies. Peptides derived from sequences of the previously known antigenic sites 1 and 3 were recognized to a moderate degree. Peptides imitating the four loops in the closed ends of the beta barrels or the alpha helical CD insertions of VP1, VP2 or VP3, whether exposed in the crystal structure or not, all represented major reactivity in the scans. In VP1 several additional reactive regions were found in the amino terminal quarter of the protein, which is buried in the crystal structure, and in a partially exposed region close to but separated from the carboxy terminus. In VP2 the nonexposed peak activities clustered in a bridge-like structure spanning from the outer to the inner surface of the capsid shell. Likewise, most of the novel antigenic regions of VP3 clustered in an internal location and partially composed of beta sheets with a conserved amino acid sequence. Whether any of the novel antigenic sites is capable of inducing neutralizing antibodies is not known.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Viral / immunology*
  • Capsid / immunology*
  • Epitopes / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Immunodominant Epitopes / immunology
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Methods
  • Models, Molecular
  • Peptides / chemical synthesis
  • Peptides / immunology
  • Poliovirus / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Epitopes
  • Immunodominant Epitopes
  • Peptides