Breast and cervical cancer control among Pacific Islander and Southeast Asian Women: participatory action research strategies for baseline data collection in California

J Cancer Educ. Spring 2006;21(1 Suppl):S53-60. doi: 10.1207/s15430154jce2101s_11.


Background: No data exists on the breast and cervical cancer screening practices among Cambodian, Laotian, Thai, and Tongan women. In this article, we describe the efforts required to conduct a baseline survey among these non-English-speaking women using the participatory action research (PAR) approach.

Methods: We tailored small population sampling techniques to each of the populations in partnership with Community Health Outreach workers.

Results: A total of 1825 surveys were successfully conducted in 8 communities.

Conclusion: PAR and the culturally based techniques used to conduct the survey proved successful in maintaining scientific rigor, developing true community-researcher partnership, and achieving over 99% participation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data*
  • Breast Neoplasms / ethnology*
  • Breast Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • California / epidemiology
  • Community Health Planning / organization & administration
  • Community Participation*
  • Community-Institutional Relations
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Services Research*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Oceanic Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data*
  • Sampling Studies
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Translating
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / ethnology*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / prevention & control*