ELMO1 Increases Expression of Extracellular Matrix Proteins and Inhibits Cell Adhesion to ECMs

Kidney Int. 2006 Nov;70(10):1769-76. doi: 10.1038/sj.ki.5001939. Epub 2006 Oct 4.

Abstract

We have previously identified the engulfment and cell motility 1 (ELMO1) as a susceptibility gene for diabetic nephropathy. To elucidate the role of ELMO1 in the pathogenesis of chronic renal injury, we examined the expression of Elmo1 in the kidney of a rat model for chronic glomerulonephritis (uninephrectomy plus anti-Thy1.1 antibody [E30] injection). We found that the expression of the Elmo1 was significantly increased in the renal cortex and glomeruli of uninephrectomized rats injected with E30 compared to controls. By in situ hybridization, the expression of Elmo1 was shown to be elevated in the diseased kidney, especially in glomerular epithelial cells. In COS cells, the overexpression of ELMO1 resulted in a substantial increase in fibronectin expression, whereas the depletion of the ELMO1 by small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting ELMO1 significantly suppressed the fibronectin expression in ELMO1 overexpressing and control cells. We also found that the expression of integrin-linked kinase (ILK) was significantly increased in ELMO1 overexpressing cells, and the ELMO1-induced increase in fibronectin was partially, but significantly, inhibited by siRNA targeting ILK. Furthermore, we identified that the cell adhesion to ECMs was considerably inhibited in cells overexpressing ELMO1. These results suggest that the ELMO1 contributes to the development and progression of chronic glomerular injury through the dysregulation of ECM metabolism and the reduction in cell adhesive properties to ECMs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • COS Cells
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Adhesion / genetics
  • Cell Adhesion / physiology*
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Chronic Disease
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins / genetics
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins / metabolism*
  • Fibronectins / genetics
  • Fibronectins / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic / drug effects
  • Glomerulonephritis / genetics
  • Glomerulonephritis / metabolism*
  • Glomerulonephritis / pathology
  • Kidney Glomerulus / metabolism
  • Kidney Glomerulus / pathology
  • Male
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • RNA, Small Interfering / physiology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar

Substances

  • Carrier Proteins
  • ELMO1 protein, rat
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • Fibronectins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • integrin-linked kinase
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases