Factors associated with attitudes toward intimate partner violence: a study of women in Zambia

Violence Vict. 2006 Oct;21(5):645-56.


Demographic, social, and empowerment factors associated with attitudes toward intimate partner violence (IPV) were investigated in a random sample of women (n = 5,029) aged 15-49 years in Zambia. Data was retrieved from the Zambia Demographic and Health Survey 2001-2002 (2003). The findings indicated demographic, social, and structural differences in attitudes toward IPV. Married/previously married and less educated women, employees in the agricultural sector, and women with a history of IPV were more likely to tolerate IPV. In addition, structurally disempowered women (i.e., women lacking access to information and autonomy in household decisions) were more likely to justify IPV than more-empowered peers. Most variables remained significant even when possible confounding was adjusted for using a logistic regression. The findings are discussed and implications for prevention as well as methodological issues considered.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attitude to Health
  • Battered Women / psychology
  • Battered Women / statistics & numerical data*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cultural Characteristics*
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Social Perception
  • Spouse Abuse / psychology
  • Spouse Abuse / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Survivors / psychology
  • Survivors / statistics & numerical data*
  • Women's Health
  • Zambia / epidemiology