Purpose: To evaluate the influence of parallel imaging on the image quality of respiratory triggered magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP).
Materials and methods: A total of 30 consecutive patients underwent MRCP applying a respiratory triggered T2-weighted (T2w) turbo spin-echo (TSE) sequence without and with parallel imaging (acceleration factor of 2). Acquisition times of both sequences were recorded. Quantitative evaluation included measurement of a contour sharpness index of two segments of the pancreaticobiliary tree as well as calculation of the relative contrast between ductal structures and organ parenchyma at four different segments. The qualitative evaluation was performed by two independent radiologists who graded overall image quality, depiction of eight segments of the pancreaticobiliary tree, and the frequency of artifacts.
Results: The application of parallel imaging significantly (P<0.05) reduced the acquisition time of the respiratory triggered MRCP sequence by 37.7% (six minutes and two seconds+/-one minute and 26 seconds vs. three minutes and 46 seconds+/-58 seconds). The quantitative and qualitative evaluation revealed no statistically significant differences between the two sequences (P>0.05). The frequency of artifacts was at the same level for both sequences as well.
Conclusion: The application of parallel imaging for respiratory triggered MRCP significantly reduces the acquisition time without relevant influence on image quality.
Copyright (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.