An apparent unidirectional influx constant for manganese as a measure of myocardial calcium channel activity

J Magn Reson Imaging. 2006 Nov;24(5):1047-55. doi: 10.1002/jmri.20736.


Purpose: To develop an in vivo MR method for evaluation of myocardial calcium channel activity through quantification of apparent unidirectional manganese influx constants following manganese dipyridoxyl-diphosphate (MnDPDP) infusions.

Materials and methods: A total of 10 healthy volunteers were divided in two groups, and received 5 micromol of MnDPDP per kg of body weight intravenously in a 1.5 Tesla scanner over five or 30 minutes, respectively. A fast inversion recovery gradient echo sequence was used to estimate pre- and postcontrast R1 values and to measure signal changes following infusions. By assuming equal longitudinal relaxivity (r1) of the contrast in all tissue compartments, signal changes in blood and myocardial tissue yielded temporal input and tissue contrast concentrations respectively. Through a two-tissue compartment model, apparent unidirectional influx constants (Ki) for myocardial manganese accumulation were estimated.

Results: Consistent values for Ki in left ventricular wall were found, with a mean value of 5.96 mL/100 g/minute (SD=0.49; N=10). No statistical significant differences in Ki were found between the two infusion groups.

Conclusion: Since unidirectional manganese accumulation depends upon intact myocyte membranes with functioning calcium channels, the use of unidirectional manganese influx rates may be a valuable research tool for in vivo studies of myocyte functioning in myocardial disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Calcium Channels / metabolism*
  • Contrast Media / pharmacokinetics
  • Echo-Planar Imaging / methods*
  • Edetic Acid / analogs & derivatives*
  • Edetic Acid / pharmacokinetics
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Ion Channel Gating / physiology*
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Metabolic Clearance Rate
  • Myocardium / metabolism*
  • Pyridoxal Phosphate / analogs & derivatives*
  • Pyridoxal Phosphate / pharmacokinetics
  • Radiopharmaceuticals / pharmacokinetics
  • Reference Values


  • Calcium Channels
  • Contrast Media
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Pyridoxal Phosphate
  • Edetic Acid
  • N,N'-bis(pyridoxal-5-phosphate)ethylenediamine-N,N'-diacetic acid