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, 316 (1-2), 144-52

Amplification of the Antigen-Antibody Interaction From Quartz Crystal Microbalance Immunosensors via Back-Filling Immobilization of Nanogold on Biorecognition Surface

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Amplification of the Antigen-Antibody Interaction From Quartz Crystal Microbalance Immunosensors via Back-Filling Immobilization of Nanogold on Biorecognition Surface

Dian-Quan Tang et al. J Immunol Methods.

Abstract

A new quartz crystal microbalance immunoassay method based on a novel transparent immunoaffinity reactor was developed for clinical immunoassay. To construct such an affinity reactor, resonators with a frequency of 10 MHz were fabricated by affinity binding of functionalized gold nanoparticles (nanogold) to quartz crystal with immobilized specific ligand for the label-free analysis of the affinity reaction between a ligand and its receptor. [Recombinant human tumor markers, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was chosen as a model ligand.] The binding of target molecules onto the immobilized antibodies decreased the sensor's resonant frequency, and the frequency shift was proportional to the CEA concentration in the range of 3.0-50 ng/ml with a detection limit of 1.5 ng/ml at a signal/noise ration of 3. A glycine-HCl solution (pH 2.3) was used to release antigen-antibody complexes from the biorecognition surface. Good reusability was exhibited. Moreover, spiking various levels of CEA into normal human sera was diagnosed using the proposed immunoassay. Analytical results show the precision of the developed immunoassay is acceptable, implying a promising alternative approach for detecting CEA in clinical immunoassay. Compared with the conventional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the proposed immunoassay system was simple and rapid without multiple labeling and separation steps. Importantly, the proposed immunoassay system could be further developed for the immobilization of other antigens or biocompounds.

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