Longitudinal analysis of the impact and cost of person-centered planning for people with intellectual disabilities in England

Am J Ment Retard. 2006 Nov;111(6):400-16. doi: 10.1352/0895-8017(2006)111[400:LAOTIA]2.0.CO;2.


Person-centered planning is central to United Kingdom policies regarding the support of people with intellectual disabilities. However, little evidence exists on the impact or cost of introducing person-centered planning. We examined the efficacy, effectiveness, and costs of introducing person-centered planning for 93 people with intellectual disabilities over 2 years across four localities in England. A person-centered plan was successfully developed for 65 people. Little change was apparent prior to introducing person-centered planning. After its introduction, modest positive changes were found in the areas of social networks; contact with family; contact with friends; community-based activities; scheduled day activities; and choice. The direct training and support cost of introducing person-centered planning was $1,202 per participant; indirect costs were negligible.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living / classification
  • Activities of Daily Living / psychology
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Costs and Cost Analysis
  • England
  • Female
  • Health Policy / economics
  • Humans
  • Inservice Training / economics
  • Intellectual Disability / economics*
  • Intellectual Disability / psychology
  • Intellectual Disability / therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Patient Care Planning / economics*
  • Patient-Centered Care / economics*
  • Quality of Life / psychology
  • Social Support
  • State Medicine / economics*