Smoking expectancies for flavored and non-flavored cigarettes among college students

Addict Behav. 2007 Jun;32(6):1252-61. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2006.08.011. Epub 2006 Oct 6.


Several tobacco companies have introduced specially flavored cigarettes, yet little is known about their appeal among college student nonsmokers, regular smokers, and those susceptible to smoking. Undergraduates (N=424) rated 12 brands of cigarettes on multiple attributes based on manufacturer advertisements. This paper focused on two brands with flavored and non-flavored versions (Camel and Salem). Despite brand, regular smokers and those susceptible to smoking initiation had higher positive expectancies and lower negative expectancies about smoking than nonsmokers. Flavored cigarettes elicited higher positive expectancies than non-flavored counterparts across all groups, including nonsmokers. Indeed, the degree to which flavored Camels had higher positive expectancies than Camel Lights was at least as large in a group of susceptible nonsmokers and experimenters (susceptible/experimenters). Despite being present in nonsmokers and susceptible/experimenters, negative expectancies were significantly lower for flavored versus non-flavored brands. Logistic regressions revealed that positive expectancies predicted "intention to try" each brand for regular smokers and susceptible/experimenters. These findings suggest that targeting the marketing of positive attributes may be useful in preventing smoking behavior.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude*
  • Female
  • Flavoring Agents*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nicotine*
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Students / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Universities*


  • Flavoring Agents
  • Nicotine