The genetic dissection of essential hypertension

Nat Rev Genet. 2006 Nov;7(11):829-40. doi: 10.1038/nrg1967. Epub 2006 Oct 10.


QTL mapping in humans and rats has identified hundreds of blood-pressure-related phenotypes and genomic regions; the next daunting task is gene identification and validation. The development of novel rat model systems that mimic many elements of the human disease, coupled with advances in the genomic and informatic infrastructure for rats, promise to revolutionize the hunt for genes that determine susceptibility to hypertension. Furthermore, methods are evolving that should enable the identification of candidate genes in human populations. Together with the computational reconstruction of regulatory networks, these methods provide opportunities to significantly advance our understanding of the underlying aetiology of hypertension.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Founder Effect
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / genetics*
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Mutation
  • Quantitative Trait Loci
  • Rats
  • Species Specificity