Molecular recognition based iron removal from human plasma with imprinted membranes

Int J Artif Organs. 2006 Sep;29(9):900-11. doi: 10.1177/039139880602900911.

Abstract

The aim of this study is to prepare ion-imprinted poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (HEMA) based membranes which can be used for the selective removal of Fe3+ ions from Fe3+-overdosed human plasma. N-methacryloyl-(L)-glutamic acid (MAGA) was chosen as the ion-complexing monomer. In the first step, Fe3+ was complexed with MAGA and then, the Fe3+-imprinted poly(HEMA-MAGA) membranes were prepared by UV-initiated photo-polymerization of HEMA and MAGA-Fe3+ complex in the presence of an initiator (benzoyl peroxide). After that, the template (i.e., Fe3+ ions) was removed by using 0.1 M EDTA solution at room temperature. The specific surface area of the Fe3+-imprinted poly(HEMA-MAGA) membranes was found to be 49.2 m2/g and the swelling ratio was 92%. According to the elemental analysis results, the polymeric membranes contained 145.7 micromol MAGA/g polymer. The maximum adsorption capacity was 164.2 micromol Fe3+/g membrane. The relative selectivity coefficients of ion-imprinted membranes for Fe3+/Zn2+ and Fe3+/Cr3+ were 12.6 and 62.5 times greater than the non-imprinted matrix, respectively. The Fe3+-imprinted poly(HEMA-MAGA) membranes could be used many times without decreasing their Fe3+ adsorption capacities significantly.

MeSH terms

  • Glutamic Acid / analogs & derivatives
  • Humans
  • Iron / blood*
  • Membranes, Artificial*
  • Methacrylates
  • Sorption Detoxification / methods*

Substances

  • Membranes, Artificial
  • Methacrylates
  • N-methacryloyl-glutamic acid
  • Glutamic Acid
  • hydroxyethyl methacrylate
  • Iron