Friend networking sites and their relationship to adolescents' well-being and social self-esteem

Cyberpsychol Behav. 2006 Oct;9(5):584-90. doi: 10.1089/cpb.2006.9.584.


The aim of this study was to investigate the consequences of friend networking sites (e.g., Friendster, MySpace) for adolescents' self-esteem and well-being. We conducted a survey among 881 adolescents (10-19-year-olds) who had an online profile on a Dutch friend networking site. Using structural equation modeling, we found that the frequency with which adolescents used the site had an indirect effect on their social self-esteem and well-being. The use of the friend networking site stimulated the number of relationships formed on the site, the frequency with which adolescents received feedback on their profiles, and the tone (i.e., positive vs. negative) of this feedback. Positive feedback on the profiles enhanced adolescents' social self-esteem and well-being, whereas negative feedback decreased their self-esteem and well-being.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Communication*
  • Data Collection
  • Female
  • Friends / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Internet*
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Male
  • Netherlands
  • Psychology, Adolescent*
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Reinforcement, Social
  • Self Concept*