Use of crystal methamphetamine among gay men in London

Addiction. 2006 Nov;101(11):1622-30. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2006.01571.x.


Aim: To examine the use of crystal methamphetamine (crystal meth) and its association with high-risk sexual behaviour among gay men in London.

Design: Cross-sectional surveys using self-administered questionnaires.

Settings: National Health Service (NHS) out-patient human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatment clinic in London; NHS HIV testing/sexual health clinics in London; central London gyms.

Participants: HIV-positive gay men attending the HIV treatment clinic in 2002-03 (n = 388); HIV-negative gay men attending the HIV testing/sexual health clinics in 2002-03 (n = 266); gay men using the gyms between January and March 2003 (n = 445), 2004 (n = 653) and 2005 (n = 494).

Measurements: Percentage of gay men who reported: (i) using crystal meth in the previous 12 months; (ii) using other recreational drugs (e.g. cocaine, ecstasy, ketamine); (iii) high-risk sexual behaviour in the previous 3 months.

Findings: The percentage of gay men who had used crystal meth in the previous year varied by sample (HIV treatment clinic, 12.6%; HIV testing/sexual health clinics, 8.3%; gyms, 19.5%; P < 0.001) but did not change over time in the gyms (19.8%, 20.7%, 17.8%; P = 0.5). In all samples, the majority of men used crystal meth only once or twice a year. Most crystal meth users (> 80%) had taken other recreational drugs. Crystal meth and other drug users were more likely to report high-risk sexual behaviour than other men, e.g. HIV treatment clinic sample: crystal meth users, 34.7%; other drug users, 18.9%, non-users, 10.6%, P < 0.001. Cause and effect could not be established.

Conclusion: Among gay men in London surveyed in clinics, approximately one in 10 reported using crystal meth in the previous 12 months (HIV-positive men 12.6%; HIV-negative men 8.3%). Most men used it infrequently--only once or twice a year. There was no evidence of increasing use of crystal meth between 2003 and 2005.

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / epidemiology*
  • Adult
  • Amphetamine-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Hallucinogens*
  • Homosexuality, Male / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Illicit Drugs*
  • London
  • Male
  • Methamphetamine*
  • Unsafe Sex / statistics & numerical data*


  • Hallucinogens
  • Illicit Drugs
  • Methamphetamine