Twenty-four-hour ambulatory BP in snoring children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

Chest. 2006 Oct;130(4):1009-17. doi: 10.1378/chest.130.4.1009.

Abstract

Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a known risk factor for hypertension in adults. This relationship is less clear in childhood OSAS.

Objective: This study examined the relationship between OSAS and 24-h ambulatory BP (ABP), a more accurate assessment than casual BP, in children with snoring.

Methods: Snoring children aged 6 to 15 years who underwent polysomnography in the sleep laboratory were recruited.

Measurement: Twenty-four-hour ABP monitoring was initiated a few hours before polysomnography. The children were classified into two groups: a high apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) group (obstructive AHI > 5/h), and a low-AHI group (AHI < or = 5/h). Mean sleep, wake, and 24-h systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) were recorded. A child was considered a "nondipper" if his or her mean SBP and DBP did not decrease by >/= 10% during sleep.

Results: Ninety-six children (mean age +/- SD, 9.4 +/- 2.8 years) were recruited. Forty-one children were obese. When awake, the high-AHI group children had a significantly higher SBP. When asleep, both SBP and DBP were higher in the high-AHI group. Age, body mass index (BMI) z score, and desaturation index (DI) were significant predictors for elevated sleep DBP. BMI z score was the only significant predictor for wake and sleep SBP. Sixteen children (17%) had hypertension, and all were nondippers. Obese children in the high-AHI group had a significantly higher prevalence of hypertension than obese children in the low-AHI group. This relationship was not found in nonobese children.

Conclusion: The current study shows that increased DI contributed to the elevation of sleep DBP elevation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory*
  • Body Mass Index
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / diagnosis
  • Hypertension / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Obesity / physiopathology
  • Oxygen / blood
  • Reference Values
  • Risk Factors
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / diagnosis
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / physiopathology*
  • Snoring / physiopathology*
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Wakefulness / physiology

Substances

  • Oxygen