Double-blind study of dilevalol and captopril, both in combination with hydrochlorothiazide, in patients with moderate to severe hypertension

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1990 Nov;16(5):831-8. doi: 10.1097/00005344-199011000-00021.

Abstract

Sixty-one patients (41 men, 20 women) aged 29-73 years, with moderate to severe hypertension, were enrolled in a multicentre study to compare the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of dilevalol (D) and captopril (C). At the end of the baseline period, supine diastolic blood pressure (SuDBP) was 105-140 mm Hg on hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 25 mg once daily and placebo t.i.d. Patients were randomly assigned to D + HCTZ (n = 29) or C + HCTZ (n = 32) and entered phase II titration of D (100-800 mg b.i.d.) or C (12.5 mg b.i.d. to 50 mg t.i.d.). If SuDBP was greater than 99 mm Hg, hydralazine was added (25 mg once daily to 50 mg b.i.d.). If SuDBP was less than or equal to 99 mm Hg, patients entered phase III, a 3-month maintenance period. Demographic profiles were not significantly different between the two groups. Baseline supine BP (mean +/- SEM) was similar in the two groups (D + HCTZ: 182 +/- 3/112 +/- 1; C + HCTZ: 179 +/- 4/113 +/- 1 mm Hg), as was baseline standing BP (D + HCTZ: 175 +/- 3/114 +/- 2; C +/- HCTZ: 173 +/- 4/113 +/- 1 mm Hg). At the end of phase II, there were no significant differences between treatments with respect to the changes in BP from baseline.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Body Weight / drug effects
  • Captopril / administration & dosage*
  • Captopril / adverse effects
  • Captopril / therapeutic use
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Hydrochlorothiazide / administration & dosage*
  • Hydrochlorothiazide / adverse effects
  • Hydrochlorothiazide / therapeutic use
  • Hypertension / drug therapy*
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Labetalol / administration & dosage*
  • Labetalol / adverse effects
  • Labetalol / therapeutic use
  • Male
  • Middle Aged

Substances

  • Hydrochlorothiazide
  • Captopril
  • Labetalol