Knowledge, Attitudes and Beliefs About Menarche of Adolescent Girls in Anand District, Gujarat

East Mediterr Health J. May-Jul 2006;12(3-4):428-33.

Abstract

A questionnaire survey of knowledge, attitudes and beliefs towards menstruation was made in 22 schools in Anand district, Gujarat state. Of 900 schoolgirls aged 11-17 years, only 38.5% felt comfortable about menarche and only 31.0% believed that menstruation was a normal physiological process. Many (37.2%) had not been informed about menarche before its onset and 48.2% felt they were not mentally prepared. The major sources of information were the mother (60.7%) or an elder sister (15.8%); teachers and others relatives played a small role. In this area of India, many families continue the custom of celebrating the first menarche and observing social restrictions.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adolescent
  • Attitude to Health / ethnology*
  • Ceremonial Behavior
  • Child
  • Cultural Characteristics
  • Educational Status
  • Family / ethnology
  • Fear
  • Feeding Behavior / ethnology
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Health Services Needs and Demand
  • Humans
  • India
  • Mass Media
  • Menarche / ethnology*
  • Menarche / physiology
  • Negativism
  • Psychology, Adolescent*
  • Sex Education / organization & administration
  • Shame
  • Social Behavior
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Taboo / psychology