The use of DNA microarrays is becoming the method of choice for assaying gene expression, particularly as costs and complexity are being reduced as the technology becomes more widespread and better standardized. A DNA array is nothing but a collection of probes fixed on a solid support. The probes can be PCR products of ORFs or short intragenic oligonucleotides deposited or synthesized in situ by photolithographic methods. To date, sequencing projects for fungal genomes have yielded 10 complete genomes and 21 whole shotgun sequences, including Candida albicans strain SC5314. Sequencing of the C. albicans genome has led to the construction of whole-genome DNA microarrays for in vitro transcription profiling by several universities and companies. The use of microarray or DNA chip techniques for Candida research has started recently but the number of studies using this technology is increasing rapidly, in order to address important remaining questions about pathogenesis, cell biology, antifungal susceptibility, and diagnosis.