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The Organisation of the Stress Response, and Its Relevance to Chiropractors: A Commentary

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The Organisation of the Stress Response, and Its Relevance to Chiropractors: A Commentary

Katie Hardy et al. Chiropr Osteopat.

Abstract

The stress response is a natural reaction by the body, against potentially harmful stimuli to enhance the chance for survival. Persistent activation of the stress response can cause changes to homeostatic mechanisms. The study of stress neurophysiology, in the evaluation of the manifestation of disease in the body, suggests that these chronic changes have detrimental effects on sub cortical structures. Furthermore, there is much scientific support for the notion that chronic activation of supraspinal systems will lead to maladaptation of homeostatic mechanisms, causing the impairment of processes within the body, and ultimately leading to visceral disorders. The chiropractic profession for many years has alluded to chronic change of neurophysiological pathways as a potential explanation of visceral disorders, but the profession has typically described these in terms of somatovisceral or viscerosomatic reflex activity. Change in supraspinal neurophysiological efferent activity is increasingly being used to explain "stress" related disease. The chiropractic profession should consider investigating such stress responses by conducting spinal manipulative therapy trials that evaluate supraspinal effects of manipulation. Such research may help elucidate key mechanisms associated with the change of visceral disorders noted by some chiropractors following manipulative therapy.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
A schematic representation of the stress response. CRH, corticotrophin releasing hormone; AVP, arginine vasopressin; ACTH: adrenocorticotrophin releasing hormone, E: epinephrine, NE: norepinephrine.

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