Prediction of Nepsilon-acetylation on internal lysines implemented in Bayesian Discriminant Method

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 Dec 1;350(4):818-24. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.08.199. Epub 2006 Oct 2.


Protein acetylation is an important and reversible post-translational modification (PTM), and it governs a variety of cellular dynamics and plasticity. Experimental identification of acetylation sites is labor-intensive and often limited by the availability of reagents such as acetyl-specific antibodies and optimization of enzymatic reactions. Computational analyses may facilitate the identification of potential acetylation sites and provide insights into further experimentation. In this manuscript, we present a novel protein acetylation prediction program named PAIL, prediction of acetylation on internal lysines, implemented in a BDM (Bayesian Discriminant Method) algorithm. The accuracies of PAIL are 85.13%, 87.97%, and 89.21% at low, medium, and high thresholds, respectively. Both Jack-Knife validation and n-fold cross-validation have been performed to show that PAIL is accurate and robust. Taken together, we propose that PAIL is a novel predictor for identification of protein acetylation sites and may serve as an important tool to study the function of protein acetylation. PAIL has been implemented in PHP and is freely available on a web server at:

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetylation
  • Acetyltransferases / chemistry*
  • Bayes Theorem
  • Binding Sites
  • Computer Simulation
  • Discriminant Analysis
  • Lysine / chemistry*
  • Models, Chemical*
  • Models, Molecular*
  • Protein Binding
  • Sequence Analysis, Protein / methods*


  • Acetyltransferases
  • Lysine